“A hawker selling char kuay teow would, upon seeing me, give two eggs instead of one.”
~ Lee Kuan Yew
Gloria Foster was an American actress, most known for her stage performances portraying an array of African-American characters, including her acclaimed roles in plays In White America and Having Our Say, winning three Obie Awards during her career. In films, she was perhaps best known as The Oracle in The Matrix (1999) and The Matrix Reloaded (2003), the latter film being her last.
Foster died on September 29, 2001, in New York City of complications from diabetes before her role in The Matrix Revolutions was shot.
“This is your last chance. After this, there is no turning back. You take the blue pill – the story ends, you wake up in your bed and believe whatever you want to believe. You take the red pill – you stay in Wonderland and I show you how deep the rabbit-hole goes.”
The terms red pill and its opposite, blue pill, are pop culture terms that have become a common metaphor for the choice between the blissful ignorance of illusion (blue) and embracing the sometimes painful truth of reality (red). The terms were popularized in science fiction culture via the 1999 film The Matrix. The movie relies on the premise that an artificial reality that is advanced enough will be indistinguishable from reality and that no test exists that can conclusively prove that reality is not a simulation. This ties in closely with the skeptical idea that the everyday world is illusory, a simulated reality.
In the movie, a “red pill” is the term used to describe a human who has been freed from the Matrix, a fictional computer-generated world set in 1999 and a “blue pill” refers to a human still connected to the Matrix.
“I have walked that long road to freedom. I have tried not to falter; I have made missteps along the way. But I have discovered the secret that after climbing a great hill, one only finds that there are many more hills to climb. I have taken a moment here to rest, to steal a view of the glorious vista that surrounds me, to look back on the distance I have come. But I can rest only for a moment, for with freedom comes responsibilities, and I dare not linger, for my long walk is not yet ended.”
~ Nelson Mandela, Long Walk to Freedom (1995)