You made my heart move
Don’t ask me how I felt they won’t believe me
The shimmer’s gone somehow
Luster fades and gives way to truth…
La la la… lifted
The truth is there in loss that have retraced
But I’m not scared to part ways anymore
What’s the use?
Searching for love when you’re afraid
Doing it all to make sure your heart stays…
Love can’t stay on a higher ground
The fall from grace may not make a sound
Just pull me close… never let me down
I want a love that’s LIFTED
24-year-old Christy (left) back in 1993 – and an identically beautiful 39-year-old version (right) at a NYC event in 2008.
(Refer to US Army Field Manual FM 3-0)
The United States Armed Forces use the following nine principles of war in training their officers:
* Objective – Direct every military operation toward a clearly defined, decisive and attainable objective. The ultimate military purpose of war is the destruction of the enemy’s ability to fight and will to fight.
* Offensive – Seize, retain, and exploit the initiative. Offensive action is the most effective and decisive way to attain a clearly defined common objective. Offensive operations are the means by which a military force seizes and holds the initiative while maintaining freedom of action and achieving decisive results. This is fundamentally true across all levels of war.
* Mass – Mass the effects of overwhelming combat power at the decisive place and time. Synchronizing all the elements of combat power where they will have decisive effect on an enemy force in a short period of time is to achieve mass. Massing effects, rather than concentrating forces, can enable numerically inferior forces to achieve decisive results, while limiting exposure to enemy fire.
* Economy of Force – Employ all combat power available in the most effective way possible; allocate minimum essential combat power to secondary efforts. Economy of force is the judicious employment and distribution of forces. No part of the force should ever be left without purpose. The allocation of available combat power to such tasks as limited attacks, defense, delays, deception, or even retrograde operations is measured in order to achieve mass elsewhere at the decisive point and time on the battlefield.
* Maneuver – Place the enemy in a position of disadvantage through the flexible application of combat power. Maneuver is the movement of forces in relation to the enemy to gain positional advantage. Effective maneuver keeps the enemy off balance and protects the force. It is used to exploit successes, to preserve freedom of action, and to reduce vulnerability. It continually poses new problems for the enemy by rendering his actions ineffective, eventually leading to defeat.
* Unity of Command – For every objective, seek unity of command and unity of effort. At all levels of war, employment of military forces in a manner that masses combat power toward a common objective requires unity of command and unity of effort. Unity of command means that all the forces are under one responsible commander. It requires a single commander with the requisite authority to direct all forces in pursuit of a unified purpose.
* Security – Never permit the enemy to acquire unexpected advantage. Security enhances freedom of action by reducing vulnerability to hostile acts, influence, or surprise. Security results from the measures taken by a commander to protect his forces. Knowledge and understanding of enemy strategy, tactics, doctrine, and staff planning improve the detailed planning of adequate security measures.
* Surprise – Strike the enemy at a time or place or in a manner for which he is unprepared. Surprise can decisively shift the balance of combat power. By seeking surprise, forces can achieve success well out of proportion to the effort expended. Surprise can be in tempo, size of force, direction or location of main effort, and timing. Deception can aid the probability of achieving surprise. …
* Simple – Prepare clear, uncomplicated plans and concise orders to ensure thorough understanding. Everything in war is very simple, but the simple thing is difficult. To the uninitiated, military operations are not difficult. Simplicity contributes to successful operations. Simple plans and clear, concise orders minimize misunderstanding and confusion. Other factors being equal, parsimony is to be preferred.
Officers in the U.S. Military sometimes use the acronyms “MOSS COMES”, “MOSS MOUSE”, “MOOSE MUSS”, “MOUSE MOSS”, “MOM USE SOS”, or “SUMO MOSES” to remember the first letters of these nine principles.
City’s first organic fish sure to catch on
SCMP Feb 11, 2011
Organic fish will be sold for the first time in Hong Kong next month.
They come from two fish farms in Yuen Long where 18,000 fish have been bred organically in terms of their feed and breeding environment, says Jonathan Wong Woon-chung, director of the Hong Kong Organic Resource Centre.
Three types of fish farmed organically – mullet, bighead carp and grass carp – have received certification from the centre established under Hong Kong Baptist University.
They will be sold for HK$60 to HK$70 each, about double the price for non-organic fish of the same type on the market.
Each fish will be labelled with a green sticker with a tick, the word “organic” and the centre’s name to identify them as certified organic.
From next month, one of the farms will sell fish at its own retail outlets. Wong expects that more fish will soon be available in selective supermarkets.
“Organic fish are safer to eat as they are chemical-free,” he said. “Eating them also benefits the environment.”
He said the two farms had to comply with many international standards to earn their organic certification.
Apart from providing organic feed and unpolluted water, the farms had to ensure they had adequate space for the fish.
“The fish need enough room to swim,” Wong said. “If it gets too crowded, they can be injured.”
The fish were raised and killed humanely, Wong said.
He explained that methods commonly used in wet markets were acceptable, such as knocking fish unconscious with a hard blow before gutting them. But drugging fish was prohibited as this would contaminate them.
Wong is confident that organic fish farming has a future in Hong Kong. “We are now at the kick-off stage but hope more fish farmers will join the project,” he said.
The Organic Resources Centre was co-operating with the two farms, with technological support from the Agriculture, Fisheries and Conservation Department.
When the fishing operation is more well established, the farms will breed more expensive species to raise profit margins and make it more attractive to fish farmers.
“Farming organic fish should be more profitable than breeding non-organic fish,” Wong said.
For now, only freshwater fish can be cultivated organically in Hong Kong as there are no isolated bays suitable for organic mariculture. “We can’t raise organic fish with non-organic types as they will be contaminated by chemicals and pollutants,” Wong said.
Organic fish provided a safer and more environmentally friendly choice for consumers, Wong said, as organic fish farms strive to minimise water pollution.
Their carbon footprint was much lower as they did not use fertilisers and pesticides, which were petroleum by-products.
More than 70 per cent of the farms’ fish feed is organic, meaning it has been produced with no chemical fertilisers, additives and hormones.
The fish are fed mainly residue from organically raised soya bean and fishmeal.
Water quality at the farms is also strictly controlled. The pond water and mud must be free of pollution, and any waste water from the operation is treated before it is discharged.
“A fool thinks himself to be wise, but a wise man knows himself to be a fool.”
~ William Shakespeare
The Three Degrees are a female Philadelphia soul and disco vocal musical group, formed in 1963 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. The original members were Fayette Pinkney, Shirley Porter and Linda Turner. The trio, tagged by the media as ‘Prince Charles’s favourites’ in 1974, were the first girl group to top the UK Singles Chart since The Supremes in 1964. They are best known for their million selling 1974 hit song, “When Will I See You Again”.
Fayette Pinkney died on June 27, 2009, in Lansdale Hospital, Pennsylvania, after a short illness, at the age of 61.